Root Canal Treatment (RCT) is used to find the cause and then treat problem of the tooth. When the pulp is diseased or injured and cannot be repaired itself, it dies. Left without treatment, pus builds up at the root tip in the jawbone forming a pus pocket called an abscess. When the infected pulp is not removed, pain and swelling can result. It may also affect the bone.
First an opening is made through the crown of the tooth in to the pulp chamber, the pulp is then removed a
nd the root canal is cleaned and shaped to a form that can be filled. Medication may be put in the pulp chamber &the root Canal to help get rid of germs and prevent infection. The pulp chamber and root canalare filled and sealed. In the final step a gold or porcelain crown is usually placed on the teeth. The crown of the tooth is thus restored.
2) Cosmetic Dentistry
It involves dental procedure with the aim of improving the overall aesthetics of your smile. This is often referred to as a “Small Make Over”, “Hollywood Smile” or “Wedding Smile. A beautiful smile can have numerous effects on an individual, self confidence, self esteem & personal relationship. The recent increase in Media focus on this smile with TV shows, such as Extreme Makeover, has created a public awareness about Cosmetic Dentistry and its accessibility.
3) Dental / Teeth Implant
Dental or oral implant is an artificial replacement for the root portion of natural tooth and is anchored into a pre-drilled socket in jawbone to support a crown, bridge on secure a denture firmly in place. Implants are made from titanium, a metal that is well-tolerated by bone and integrates easily with bone tissue.
Missing single tooth - implant
and crown restoration
Several teeth missing - implant
-supported bridge restoration
Dental implants can be placed in patients of any age (with fully developed jawbones), provided that they have a sufficient quantity and quality of bone tissue available – Maintain good oral hygiene.
Circumstances where dental implants may not be suitable, or situation that have an increased risk of implant failure, include:-
Excessive alcohol intake
Periodontal gum decease
Implants supported lower full denture
4) Wisdom tooth Removal
Wishdom teeth or third molars, are the last teeth to develop and appear in the mouth. They are called “Wisdom teeth” because they usually appear during a persons late teens or early twenties, which has been called the “age of Wisdom”.
Impaction occurs where there is prevention of complete eruption in to a normal functional position of one tooth by another, due to lack of space, obstruction by another tooth or development in an abnormal position.
Third molar emergences occurs between 18 to 24 years, but eruption is not uncommon outside these limits. However one or more tired molars
fail to develop in approximately 1:4 adults.
Indications of the removal of third molars are:
Previous history of infection.
Nontreatable periodical pathology
Pain directly related to third molar
Fracture of tooth
Surgical Management may be carried out utilizing:
Local analgesia (LA)
LA supplemented by IV sedation.
5) Orthodontic Treatment
Orthodontic treatment is a specialist field that relates specifically to straightening crooked teeth, reducing overcrowding and correcting the alignment of the upper and lower teeth.
The need for Orthodontic treatment often arises in children as they start to lose their milk or deciduous teeth and gain their permanent teeth. Sometimes, as the second teeth erupt, overcrowding can occur which can in turn lead to the teeth forming an uneven and crooked line as they squeeze into the available space in the mouth.
Bonded Wire Retainer
Orthodontic treatment involves the fixing of precisely made brackets and wires that correct the alignment of teeth. The teeth are gently corrected and guided into the correct position by pressure and tension exerted over a long period of time.
Orthodontics can also be used to correct more complex problems associated with the formation of the jaw, which can sometimes cause a large overjet of the upper teeth. Growth modification can be encouraged in these cases with an Orthodontic appliance.
6) Teeth whitening
It is the process of removing stains & discolouration from teeth and improving their colour through a bleaching process to make them look “Whiter”.
Home teeth-whitening trays
In-surgey laser teeth whitening
For heavily stained teeth, a procedure as simple as scaling and polishing can significently improve their appearance, Most dental practioners offer a combination of immediate, in clinic teeth whitening and professional, take-home tooth whitening kits with custom-made trays. Both procedure are based on a bleaching process that uses a peroxide – base compound of varying strength (3 to30% peroxide). The higher the concentration of peroxide in the compound, The more powerful the bleaching compound is. During bleaching process the surrounding gum tissue is protected from any damage cased by peroxide.
7) Crown & Bridge
Dental crowns are restorations that protect damaged, grossly carious, cracked or broken down teeth. A crown strengthens existing, damaged teeth so as to preserve its functionality. Dental crown are also commonly known as cap.
Dental crown on back tooth
Dental crown on front tooth
Dental crown are made from:
An alloy of Metals.
An alloy of metals fused to porceilin.
All porcelain or ceramic crowns.
A bridge is a fixed dental restoration (a fixed dental prosthesis) used to replace a missing tooth (or several teeth) by joining an artificial tooth permanently to adjacent teeth or dental implants.
Types of bridges may vary, depending upon how they are fabricated and the way they anchor to the adjacent teeth. Conventionally, bridges are made using the indirect method of restoration. However, bridges can be fabricated directly in the mouth using such materials as composite resin.
A bridge is fabricated by reducing the teeth on either side of the missing tooth or teeth by a preparation pattern determined by the location of the teeth and by the material from which the bridge is fabricated. In other words, the abutment teeth are reduced in size to accommodate the material to be used to restore the size and shape of the original teeth in a correct alignment and contact with the opposing teeth.
8) Teeth Restoration
A dental restoration or dental filling is a dental restorative material used to restore the function, integrity and morphology of missing tooth structure. The structural loss typically results from caries or external trauma. It is also lost intentionally during tooth preparation to improve the aesthetics or the physical integrity of the intended restorative material. Dental restoration also refers to the replacement of missing tooth structure that is supported by dental implants.
Dental restorations can be divided into two broad types: direct restorations and indirect restorations. All dental restorations can be further classified by their location and size. A root canal filling is a restorative technique used to fill the space where the dental pulp normally resides.
9) Tooth / Teeth Replacement
Teeth Replacement, Replacing lost or missing teeth has substantial benefits for your health and appearance. A complete or full denture replaces the natural teeth and provides support for cheeks and lips. Without this support, sagging facial muscles can make a person appear older and reduce their ability to eat and speak.
Our unique features: Sterilization of Instruments by autoclave.
Methods to replace missing teeth are:-
1) Denture Denture are removable replacement for teeth, designed to look & function like own natural teeth & surrounding gum tissues. Modern day dentures can look very realistic & natural & feel comfortable.
2) Fixed Bridges
3) Dental Implants
10) Teeth Scaling
Scaling means 'scraping away . You can scale old food, tartar, or even a
fish bone caught under the gum. You usually scale teeth to remove tartar.
We get tartar when the coating
of germs on our teeth
that press against
tartar become sore and infected.
Clean teeth keep our gums healthy. Scaling a person's teeth gives
infected gums a chance to become normal again.
However, gums remain healthy only when we keep
the teeth beside
them clean. If we are not careful about cleaning our teeth after they are
scaled, tartar will soon return. Instead of being healthy, the gums will
become sore and infected again.
11) Fracture Jaw Treatment / Jaw Surgery
A broken jaw (or mandibular fracture) is a common facial injury. Only the nose is broken more frequently. A broken jaw is the tenth most common fractured bone in the human body. Fractures (these are breaks in the bone) are generally the result of a direct force or trauma to the jawbone.