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Thursday, January 11, 2001

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PAINTINGS

Gobardhan Ash ( 1907 - 96 ), a serious turn in the art scene of Bengal occurred during the 30ís of this century and a new trend was set in the works of Rabindra Nath Tagore and Jamini Roy. This trend could be considered a counterpart of Abanindra Nathís Bengal School. Budding artists of this period took new interest about Western European Modern Art movements and gradually a powerful young group started experimenting in various media. Gobardhan Ash was born in the year 1907 in a remote village, Begampur of Hooghly district in West Bengal to a family solely dependent on agricultural income. A young Gobardhan came to metropolis Calcutta with ardent desire for art training. He was a student of Indian Art College and was deeply influenced by Debiprasad Roy Chowdhuri and Atul Basu.

 

 In the formative period of his career as an artist, Gobardhan experienced a severely rude shock during the 1943 Bengal Famine. This man made famine during World War II deeply influenced the conscience of Bengal and left its deep mark on contemporary literature, theatre and art. Particularly Gobardhan Ash and his contemporaries like Zainul Abedin, Chitta Prasad, Somnath Hor tasted the assault of British imperialism on Indian reality. And this severe experience changed the entire mode of their artistic expressiveness. Gobardhan Ash painted a series of famine scenes depicting endless human misery. Technically his famine paintings differed from his contemporaries. He used to paint in colour (both oil and water), while others preferred black and white and graphics medium.

 

Possibly this experience influenced Gobardhan to look deep into the human life in Bengal villages and formed the basic theme and motivation for his life long paintings. He also preferred to leave metropolis and live in his native village. In his mature period in 1950 he joined the well known Calcutta group, the association which dominated Indian Art scenario for a considerable period. Artists like Pradosh Dasgupta, Gopal Ghosh, Prankrishna Pal, Rathin Mitra and others belonged to this group. An uncompromising artist, Gobardhan Ash himself formed a group named Art Rebel Centre in 1933 and his endeavour was to set an alternative trend in art world. He left behind a rich collection of paintings in oil, water colour and pastel. His contribution towards establishing oil medium in Bengal art is considerable. A painter extraordinary, Gobardhan Ash had a social commitment the kind of which is rare among the artists today.  

 

 

 

Classical Painting of West Bengal

 

Painted by :

Shrish Chandra Chitrakar

 

 

Classical Painting of West Bengal

 

Painted by :

Ramananda Bandyopadhyay

 

Painting of West Bengal

 

Painted by :

Chitrakar Somnath

 

 


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